Mercados innovadores para la agricultura sostenible. Cómo innovaciones en las instituciones de mercado fomentan la agricultura sostenible en los países en desarrollo
Between 2013 and 2015, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and the French National Institute for Agricultural Research (INRA) undertook a survey of innovative approaches that enable markets to act as incentives in the transition towards sustainable agriculture in developing countries. Through a competitive selection process, 15 cases from around the world provide insights into how small-scale initiatives that use sustainable production practices are supported by market demand, and create innovations in the institutions that govern sustainable practices and market exchanges. These cases respond to both local and distant consumers’ concerns about the quality of the food that they eat. The book evidences that the initiatives rely upon social values (e.g. trustworthiness, health [nutrition and food safety], food sovereignty, promotion of youth and rural development, farmer and community livelihoods) to adapt sustainable practices to local contexts, while creating new market outlets for food products. Specifically, private sector and civil society actors are leading partnerships with the public sector to build market infrastructure, integrate sustainable agriculture into private and public education and extension programmes, and ensure the exchange of transparent information about market opportunities. The results are: (i) system innovations that allow new rules for marketing and assuring the sustainable qualities of products; (ii) new forms of organization that permit actors to play multiple roles in the food system (e.g. farmer and auditor, farmer and researcher, consumer and auditor, consumer and intermediary); (iii) new forms of market exchange, such as box schemes, university kiosks, public procurement or systems of seed exchanges; and (iv) new technologies for sustainable agriculture (e.g. effective micro-organisms, biopesticides and soil analysis techniques). The public sector plays a key role in providing legitimate political and physical spaces for multiple actors to jointly create and share sustainable agricultural knowledge, practices and products.
Autor del documento:Loconto, A.; Poisot, A.S.; Santacoloma, P.
Producción de arroz sostenible y baja en gases de efecto invernadero en América Latina y el Caribe: una revisión sobre la transición de la idealidad a la realidad
Autor: Chirinda, Ngonidzashe Arenas, Laura Katto, María Cristina Loaiza, Sandra Correa, Fernando Isthitani, Manabu Loboguerrero, Ana Maria Martinez Baron, Deissy Graterol, Eduardo Jaramillo, Santiago Torres, Carlos Felipe Arango, Miguel Guzman, Myriam Avila, Iva
Facitando cambio para agricultura climáticamente inteligente a través de interacción ciencia-política
Autor: Dhanush Dinesh, Robert Zougmore, Joost Vervoort, Edmond Totin, Philip K. Thornton, Dawit Solomon, Paresh Shirsath, Valerien Pede, Isabel Lopez Noriega, Peter Läderach, Jana Körner, Dries Hegger, Evan Girvetz, Anette Friis, Peter Driessen, Bruce Campbell