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Tested in laboratory and in the fields, the intelligent fertilizer is less volatile than conventional urea, which in comparison usually volatilizes about half of the applied amount. The new product contributes to reducing greenhouse gases by two thirds of emissions from conventional fertilizer applications, and it can also be used as an animal supplement to increase the digestibility of forage.

Wind, rain and industrial agriculture techniques accelerate soil erosion, but can be mitigated before the world faces catastrophic loss in terms of agricultural performance and critical ecosystem functions.

Developed within the European iSQAPER project in which researchers from the UPM participate, it has been proposed as a success case by the European Commission. The app informs farmers about how to improve their soils and offers them the option to incorporate new data in a collaborative learning model.

"The chickens are dying of the heat, the cows are collapsing because they do not have grass to eat and we have to go to raise them, they no longer produce milk".

To Johnny Obando, work on his farm in Guanacaste, in northwestern Costa Rica, is becoming increasingly difficult.

Prolonged droughts and heavy rains, a consequence of current erratic weather patterns, have destroyed more than half of the farmers' corn and beans crops along the Central American Dry Corridor, leaving them without food reserves.

Every day, 18 kilos of sand and gravel are extracted by each inhabitant of the planet for 
the manufacture of concrete, asphalt and glass. Changes in consumption patterns, the increase 
in population and the increase in urbanization have tripled their demand in the last 20 years,